Transformaciones en la estructura social agraria pampeana y acción política d...

Transformaciones en la estructura social agraria pampeana y acción política d...

Instituto de Ciencias

Transformaciones en la estructura social agraria pampeana y acción política de las organizaciones agrarias. El caso de la Federación Agraria Argentina (1990-2008)

The so called country-government conflict, unleashed in the year 2008 after a new increase on the agricultural commodities export taxes, turned into one of the most significant political facts in the history of modern Argentine.
Among multiple aspects, stands out the recreation of the so called “Mesa de Enlace”, nickname given to the alliance between the four main agrarian corporations in the country. The fact that the Federación Agraria Argentina (FAA) also took part in such alliance is specially remarkable, not only because of the historical affinity of the FAA with progressive governments, but also because of the political agreement with the Sociedad Rural Argentina (SRA), given the fact that those two corporations historically had held a long history of confrontations.
This notorious change took place in the context of a true transformation of agrarian social structure in the core of the agricultural region which, due to an acceleration of the process of capital concentration and centralization that took place in the decade of 1970, tended to transform the social basis of the FAA. In the decade of 1990, the scenario became even more complex as a consequence of the massive collapse of the smaller agrarian capitals along with the appearance of new economic subjects in this production branch, such as the so called “sowing pools”.
In this thesis, therefore, I propose to review the political action of the FAA during the 1990-2008 period, in order to be able to cover a span of time with the necessary depth to be able to understand the sense that lies behind these actions.

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