Memoria, territorio e identidad: El caso de la masacre del Alto Naya, Colombia
The region of Alto Naya is a geographic unit with more than 300.000 HA, lapped by River Naya’s, in the colombian pacific region. Between April 10th and 13th of 2001, almost 500 men of Bloque Calima of Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia (AUC) entered to this territory and killed indigenous, african-colombian and peasant communities, due to, according with the AUC, they supported the insurgency of Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN). The paramilitar inroad produced the displacement of 3.000 people, who just returned to the region three years after the slaughter. On that argument, the thesis is based on the representations, meanings and quarrels that emerge in three settings: first, the inhabitants that returned to the Alto Naya region, whose narratives suggest the idea of collective certification of this territory as the best way to repairing communities impacted by the paramilitar invasion; second, the meanings that were registered during the judicial hearings, in the frame of Ordinary Criminal Justice (Justicia Penal Ordinaria) and the Law of Peace and Justice. Both scenarios are the base of judicial “truth”; third, the journalistic archives of national press (El Tiempo), the regional press (El Liberal of Popayán city) and local/community mass managed by social organizations.