La emergencia de la organización campesina en Formosa durante la década del s...

La emergencia de la organización campesina en Formosa durante la década del s...

Instituto de Ciencias

La emergencia de la organización campesina en Formosa durante la década del sesenta

In 1971, the “Unión de Ligas Campesinas Formoseñas” (ULICAF) was created in the province of Formosa. Deeming this event as the conclusion of a historical process, we intend to investigate which social actors and processes intervened in the emergence of this peasant’s organization, whose main demand was access to the land.
The emergence of the ULICAF developed against a backdrop of political, economic and ecclesiastical transformations. On the one hand, the process of provincialization, which resulted in the transfer of the administration of the fiscal lands from the central government to the provinces. In Formosa this involved the privatization of public lands and the expulsion of the peasants that exploited them as intruders or squatters. On the other hand, the decline of the regional economies that, like Formosa, specialized in cotton production. Lastly, sectors of the Catholic Church assumed a new sensitivity in favor of the liberation of subalterns.
In this context, different actors acquired a great importance in the peasant’s organization and mobilization. Among them, the “Movimiento Rural de Acción Católica” (MRAC), the Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA) and the “Hermanas Misioneras Cruzadas de la Iglesia” can be singled out. These were important spaces of interaction where rural leaders, organizational structures and communicational channels of the peasant population could emerge.

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